Implications of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay (Paperback)

Implications of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay By Vivek Kumar Nautiyal Cover Image

Implications of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay (Paperback)


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Neutrinoless double beta decay is a hypothetical type of radioactive decay in which two neutrons in the nucleus of an atom simultaneously convert into protons, emitting two electrons and no neutrinos. The observation of neutrinoless double beta decay would have significant implications for our understanding of the nature of neutrinos and the properties of matter. It would prove that neutrinos are their own antiparticles (also known as Majorana particles) and that the total lepton number is not conserved. Additionally, it would provide information on the absolute mass scale of neutrinos, which is currently unknown. The observation of neutrinoless double beta decay would also have implications for our understanding of the matter-antimatter imbalance in the universe and the possible existence of physics beyond the standard model .

The discovery of radioactivity by Henri Becquerel in 1896 opened a new dimension

in the field of nuclear physics. Alpha, beta and gamma rays are the relics of radioactive decays,

and their emissions are governed via strong, weak and electromagnetic interactions respectively.

The energy spectrum of alpha and gamma decays are discrete in nature due to the emission of a

single particle. In 1914, James Chadwick reported the continuous energy spectrum of beta

radiation. In order to explain this continuous spectrum, Wolfgang Pauli proposed the emission of a

chargeless and massless fermion along with beta particle and called it "neutron" .

On 4ᵗʰ December 1930, Pauli wrote a letter to nuclear physicsts who were going to meet a few days

later in Tiibingen, Germany, "Dear Radioactive Ladies and Gentlemen, As the bearer of these lines,

to whom I graciously ask you to listen, ...... I have hit upon a desperate remedy to save the

"exchange theorem" of statistics and the law of conservation of energy. Namely, the possibility that in the nuclei there

could exist electrically neutral particles, which I will call neutrons, that have spin

and obey the exclusion principle and that further di er from light quanta in that they do not tra el with the elocity o light. he mass o the neutrons should be of the same order of magnitude as the electron mass and in any e ent not larger than 0.01 proton mass. - he continuous beta spectrum would then make sense with the assumption that in

beta decay, in addition to the electron, a neutron is emitted such that the sum o

the energies of neutron and electron is constant...

Product Details ISBN: 9783132756519
ISBN-10: 3132756512
Publisher: Vikatan Publishing Solutions
Publication Date: January 15th, 2023
Pages: 178
Language: English